March 22, 2024

how to install solar fence chargers -gallagher

The solar powered electric fence controller offers a convenient and cost-effective solution for powering your fence. By harnessing the energy from the sun, this controller eliminates the need for frequent battery recharging or replacement. It is designed to collect and store solar energy even during cloudy weather conditions, ensuring a continuous power supply for your fence line.
One of the key advantages of this solar powered controller is its ability to retain a full charge for up to 15 days of total darkness. This means that even during periods of no sunlight, your fence will still maintain maximum shock capability. This feature not only provides peace of mind but also saves on energy costs.
Installing the solar powered fence controller is a straightforward process. First, ensure that the solar panel is facing towards the noontime sun, preferably in a location that receives full sunlight throughout the day. It's important to securely fasten the controller to prevent any turning or shifting.
Connecting the lead-out wire to the fence terminal and the ground wire to the ground terminal is the next step in the installation process. This ensures proper electrical connectivity and grounding for effective fence operation.
For solar fencers with a solar setting switch, it's important to set the switch based on your geographic location. The solar fencer installations north of the specified line on the solar setting map have less usable sunlight compared to those south of the line. Therefore, adjust the solar setting switch accordingly to optimize performance and battery life. If unsure about the installation location, it's recommended to set the switch to the northern region setting.
If your solar fencer does not have a solar setting switch, simply slide the 2 position switch to the on position.
To achieve the best performance from your solar fence controller, it is advised to initially slide the switch to the "OFF" position. This allows the solar battery to fully charge over a period of three days. It is important to repeat this charging process whenever the fence controller is placed in storage or taken out of storage, to maintain the battery's longevity.
Gallagher solar fence charger
Proper battery maintenance is crucial for the optimal functioning of the solar powered electric fence controller. When storing the controller for periods exceeding 3 months, it should not be kept out of direct sunlight. Before storage, repeat the battery charging procedure to prevent battery failure. It is essential to avoid charging the battery with an automobile battery charger, as this can cause damage. Instead, use a trickle charger to maintain the battery when the fence controller is not in use.
Caution should be exercised when using a trickle charger, as the battery should not be charged for more than 18 hours.
In conclusion, the solar powered electric fence controller offers a convenient and environmentally friendly solution for powering your fence. With its ability to collect and store solar energy, it eliminates the need for frequent battery recharging or replacement. Proper installation and battery maintenance ensure optimal performance and longevity of the controller.

March 19, 2024

How Electric fence works - Keep it simple.


Electric fencing is a "fear" barrier that uses safe electric shock to deter animals. In order for an animal to feel a shock, the voltage produced by the fence controller must be high enough to penetrate the animal's hair, hide, and hoof. Once the voltage is high enough to deliver a shock, electricity must travel through the fence wire. It then flows through the animal that is touching the fence and into the soil the animal is standing on. The electricity then travels through the moist soil back to the ground rods. From the ground rods the electricity flows through the ground wire that is attached to the fence controller's ground terminal. The circuit is completed and the animal feels the shock instantly.

A good ground system will pick up most of the electricity conducted by the animal and send it to the fence controller.  Poor grounding can cause interference on telephone lines, in radios, and on televisions.  You may also receive a shock from metal cased fence controller or ground rod when it is not grounded properly.

In very dry climates (dry sandy soil) and cold climates (snow covered or frozen soil) an alternative fence installation must be used.This fence system implements the use of a ground wire running parallel to your hot wire. This ground wire should be grounded every 1,300 ft. with 6 ft. galvanized steel or copper ground rods. This fence installation is no longer dependent on good soil conditions and will carry the electricity back to the fence controller's ground system when livestock contact the hot and ground wires simultaneously.

March 14, 2024

How to troubleshoot electric fence problems

Troubleshooting an electric fence can be a challenging task, but with the right steps, you can identify and fix the issues efficiently. It is essential to regularly check your fence's voltage using a volt meter or a five-light fence tester. If you notice a significant drop in voltage, follow these steps to diagnose and resolve the issue.
The first step involves examining the fence controller. Some controllers come with fuses that can be replaced if needed. If your fuses are blown, replace them with "1 amp/250V" fuses. If the fuses are fine but the controller still doesn't operate, proceed to the next step.
Secondly, check the power source. Depending on whether your fence controller operates on 115VAC or uses a 12-volt or 6-volt battery, ensure the power source provides the required voltage. Remember to disconnect the battery clamps or unplug the controller before testing.
Next, check the fence controller's output. You can use a volt meter or a screwdriver to draw an arc between the hot terminal and the ground terminal. The length of the spark gap varies depending on the type of fence controller you have. If the output is too low, consider getting your fence controller serviced.
Lastly, if the fence controller output and power source are normal, inspect the fence installation. Reconnect the hot lead-out wire, disconnect all fences running off the main fence, and check the voltage. If the voltage drops drastically or the fence shorts out completely upon connecting a certain fence, you've found the problem area.
Once you've identified the problematic fence or section, inspect it closely for shorts. Pay special attention to corners, gates, and places where the fence is close to others. Also, inspect insulators and connections carefully. If you hear a snapping sound, it might indicate electrical shorting.
Also, remember that vegetation or rust on the fence can cause voltage loss. To prevent this, consider spraying herbicide under the fence and replacing any rusty wire. By following these steps, you can maintain the performance of your electric fence and keep your livestock secure.

March 08, 2024

How to protect an electric fence against lightning

To install the lightning diverter for your fence controller, follow these steps:
1. For a single wire fence, start by connecting the lightning diverter to the fence wire before mounting it onto the fence post. Remove the top nut from the lightning diverter and take off the washer and nut. Position the lightning diverter against the mounting post, ensuring that the fence wire passes through the split nut at the top of the lightning diverter shield. Tighten the top nut without straining the fence wire. Finally, secure the lightning diverter to the fence post.
2. If you have multiple hot wires on your fence, mount the lightning diverter onto the fence post before connecting the hook up cables (rated to 20,000 volts) to each of the hot wires using line clamps. Unscrew the top nut, pass the hook up wires through the split nut, and tighten to secure them in place.
3. To connect the ground wire, attach the hook up wire to the bottom nut by winding it in a clockwise direction and securing the nut. Then, attach the other end of the hook up wire to the ground system using ground clamps. The diverter ground system should consist of at least two 6-ft. ground rods spaced 10 feet apart and located 50 feet away from the fence controller's ground system.
4. For enhanced protection, it is recommended to install lightning diverters on all corners of the fence. The first lightning diverter should be installed no closer than 50 ft. from the fence controller.
Ensure you follow these steps carefully to properly install the lightning diverter and protect your fence controller from potential lightning damage.

February 28, 2024

How to install a fence charger - Gallagher Electric fence

To properly install your fence controller, follow these steps:
STEP 1: Grounding Instructions
Ensure that the controller is properly grounded to reduce the risk of electrical shock. AC line operated controllers come with a polarized 2-blade attachment plug for use on a 120-volt circuit. Insert the plug into an appropriate outlet that complies with local codes and ordinances. The grounding of this product is achieved through a ground rod connected to the fence controller output ground terminal. It is important to have a well-grounded fence controller to avoid high electric shock currents on the electrified fence. If the plug provided with the controller does not fit the outlet, consult a qualified electrician to install a proper outlet. If you need to use an extension cord, only use a polarized extension cord that can accept the plug for the unit. Replace any damaged cords.
STEP 2: Installation of Fence Controller
Install the fence controller under cover and protect all electrical connections from moisture. The fence controller lead-out wire carries voltage from the fence terminal to the fence. Use insulated cable specifically manufactured for electric fencing, with a wire gauge of 10 to 14 and insulation rated from 20,000 volts. Do not use common electrical wiring as it is only rated for 600 volts.
STEP 3: Grounding
Install at least one 6 ft. galvanized or copper ground rod within 20 ft. of the fence controller. Use a ground rod clamp to attach the insulated ground wire to the ground rod, ensuring that the clamp bites into the rod and ground wire securely. The ground wire should have a gauge of 10 to 14 and insulation rated from 600V to 20,000 volts. For optimal results, install three ground rods into the earth, each 6 ft. deep and spaced 10 ft. apart. If possible, choose areas with constant moisture for ground rod installation.
STEP 4: Placement and Connections
Avoid installing ground rods within 50 ft. of a utility ground rod, buried telephone line, or buried water-line to prevent picking up stray voltage. Stray voltage can be identified if you experience pulsing shocks from water spigots, water tanks, or if you hear the pulse of the fence controller in your phone, television, or radio. Ensure proper connections by using wire clamps, wire connectors, and proper splices as depicted in the drawings. It is important to make good connections to prevent corrosion and reduce power loss on the fence. Use high-quality insulators, gate handles, and insulator wrap with UV inhibitors for your fence. If you are using metal fence posts, ensure that the fence wires do not touch the posts. Alternatively, consider using specific types of wood posts designed for electric fence use without insulators.
Please note that these instructions are essential for the proper installation and functioning of your fence controller.

February 23, 2024

Seven mistakes to avoid with electric fence installation

The installation of a fence controller can be prone to several mistakes that can compromise its effectiveness. Here are the seven common sins to avoid:
1. Neglecting the importance of a proper ground system: It is crucial to follow the installation instructions and ensure that the fence controller has a sufficient ground system.
2. Beware of stray voltage: Placing the fence controller ground system within 50 ft. of utility grounds, buried water pipes, or buried telephone wires can lead to stray voltage. Refer to the installation instructions and Radio Interference Section for guidance.
3. Inadequate insulation of lead-out wire and jumper wires: To prevent any electrical mishaps, make sure the wire used is insulated to a minimum of 20,000V. Refer to the installation instructions for detailed steps.
4. Poorly insulated ground wire placement: The ground wire should be adequately insulated and located within 20 ft. of the fence controller. This step is covered in the installation instructions.
5. Avoid inferior connections and splices: Properly connecting and splicing the fence wire, ground wire, lead-out wire, and jumper wires is crucial for the overall functionality of the system. Follow the instructions provided in Step 3 of the installation guide.
6. Ensure high-quality fence wire insulation: Using cracked insulators, poor quality insulators, water hoses, plastic tubing, or not using insulators with wood posts can compromise the performance of the fence controller. Refer to Step 3 of the installation instructions for appropriate materials.
7. Choosing an underpowered fence controller: Consider the condition of the fence to be energized, such as rain, snow, ice, vegetation, rusty wire, and the length of the fence. It is essential to select a fence controller that can handle these conditions. Refer to the manual's "How Electric Fencing Works" section for guidance.
By avoiding these seven sins of fence controller installations, you can ensure a properly functioning and effective fence system.

February 21, 2024

Gallagher M1100 electric fence energizer - Power you need

This energizer is designed to provide reliable and powerful power for large pastures. With a clean fence coverage of up to 110 miles or 650 acres, it offers efficient and effective fencing solutions. The energizer is built to last with a tough outer casing and incorporates the latest internal circuitry, including a built-in lightning diverter. It also features added power reserve with built-in technology that increases voltage output when fence conditions change.
Gallagher m1100 - Best price, Free shipping
With 11 stored joules and 8.5 output joules, this energizer delivers the necessary power to keep your fence secure. It is UL approved, ensuring safety and compliance. The energizer is equipped with a

February 21, 2024

Electric Fence safety measures for Farmers

To ensure safety when using an electric fence, it is important to follow these important hints:
1. Do not remove the caution cover without the assistance of service personnel to reduce the risk of electrical shock.
2. Never electrify barbed wire as it may cause harm to animals that get tangled in the fence.
3. Use only "1 amp/250V" fuses for the fence controller. Using higher or lower amp fuses can damage the controller and void the warranty. If your fence controller has replaceable fuses, make sure to use the correct ones. If there is no external fuse holder, there is no fuse to replace.
4. Always disconnect battery-powered fence controllers from the battery before recharging it. Failure to do so may damage the controller and battery charger, and void the warranty.
5. Avoid running more than one fence controller on the same fence line simultaneously. The pulses from multiple controllers can be hazardous to animals and people, and can also damage the controllers.
6. Never modify the design of a fence controller or substitute components. This can be dangerous and will void the warranty.
7. Provide instructions to all individuals on how to disconnect a fence controller in case of an emergency. Post signs on electric fences along public roads or near residences.
8. Avoid disconnecting wires or approaching a fence during lightning storms to minimize the risk of electric shock.
9. Never connect an electric fence to other devices such as cattle trainers or poultry trainers. This can lead to lightning striking the fence and conducting to other devices, posing a risk of electric shock.
10. To reduce the risk of electric shock, AC line operated fence controllers have polarized plugs. Make sure to insert the plug into a polarized outlet correctly. If the plug does not fit fully, reverse it. If it still doesn't fit, consult a qualified electrician for proper outlet installation. Do not modify the plug in any way.
11. Do not connect a DC fencer to an AC power supply.
12. Always check the voltage of your fencer and fence line after installation is complete. The fence OK light will flash when there is power on the fence. The fencer OK light will continuously operate for continuous current fencers equipped with lights.
Please ensure to follow these safety guidelines to prevent any accidents or damage to your electric fence system.

February 16, 2024

Electric Fence facts for farms and ranches

Gallagher Power fences are an effective and affordable alternative to traditional barbed wire fencing. They are not only cost-efficient but also significantly less labor-intensive to install, potentially saving up to $1,000 per mile. Contrary to popular belief, high tensile power fences are not temporary structures but are just as permanent as barbed wire fences.
In terms of safety, power fences are particularly suitable for horses. An equine power fence serves both as a protective barrier and a training tool, teaching horses to respect all kinds of fences. It is also effective in keeping dogs and other unwanted animals away from horse pastures.
Power fences also prove to be more robust against the force exerted by wildlife such as deer, elk, and antelope, which can easily damage traditional fences. The design and spacing of power fences allow for flexibility, making them resilient enough to withstand wildlife impacts while still effectively controlling livestock.
However, like any other system, power fences can also encounter issues. The most common cause of power fence failures is inadequate grounding, which accounts for 80% of all problems. Therefore, it is crucial to ensure that your grounding system is flawless for optimal fence performance.
To set up a grounding system for a permanent power fence, Gallagher recommends using at least three, six-foot long, galvanized steel ground rods. These should be spaced at least 10 feet apart and connected with one continuous galvanized wire. It's important to note that copper ground rods are not recommended due to the potential for reaction with galvanized steel, leading to corrosion.
Ensuring the effectiveness of power fences in areas where the soil tends to dry out can be a challenge. In such cases, Gallagher suggests a hot/ground system instead of an all-hot system. This involves alternating hot and ground wires on the fence, ensuring that the ground system reaches out to the animals and does not rely solely on the soil for connection.
When it comes to using high-tensile wire for permanent power fences, two common errors to avoid include using too many line posts and over-tensioning the wire. Remember, power fences act as mental barriers rather than physical ones for animals. Therefore, the spacing between line posts can be greater, and the wires should not be overly tightened.
The choice of energizer for power fences depends on several factors, including the type of animal being controlled, the area to be fenced, the available power source, and whether a permanent or portable system is needed.
Lastly, it is not advisable to hook up a power fence energizer to barbed wire. There is a risk of animals getting entangled and repeatedly shocked, which can cause unnecessary stress.

February 13, 2024

Electric fences help protect bears and people

Electric fences have proven to be an effective solution for keeping bears away from campsites and livestock in the wilderness areas surrounding Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks. These areas provide ideal habitat for a growing population of bears, which can be a dangerous nuisance when they become hungry and start scavenging for food.
Mark Bruscino, a bear specialist with the Wyoming Game and Fish Department, understands the challenges of dealing with these intelligent creatures. He acknowledges that bears are skilled at finding ways around most preventative measures, including knocking down barriers and tunneling under fences. However, since the introduction of electric fences in the early 1990s, the situation has improved significantly.
Bruscino praises the effectiveness of electric fences, particularly when properly maintained. The Game and Fish Department now utilizes both permanent and temporary Gallagher fences. Permanent fences are installed in areas where bears are a constant problem, such as campgrounds. Temporary fences can be quickly erected around locations like grain bins until the bear can be safely relocated.
The permanent electric fence setup consists of a five-wire fence with high tensile strength wire. To ensure full conductivity, alternating hot and ground wires are used, especially in dry conditions. The fence is anchored by wooden corner posts and supported by fiberglass posts. The bottom three wires are spaced six inches apart, while the top two wires have a 10-inch gap, creating a bear-proof barrier.
Despite numerous attempts by bears to breach the fence, Bruscino estimates that they have had little success. In most cases, the bears simply spin around and retreat. Even when a bear swatted at the wire, it only stretched it slightly, proving the fence's robustness.
To prevent bears from tunneling under the fence, Bruscino incorporates a woven wire ground that extends about three feet from the fence line. This additional deterrent helps protect beekeepers' hives, goat herds, and ensures the safety of campers who can now sleep soundly with only a few yards of canvas separating them from the outdoors.
Gallagher, a prominent manufacturer of electric fences based in North Kansas City, Missouri, emphasizes that electric fences are effective psychological barriers for both farm animals and wild animals. The fence's strength lies in its design, tailored to the specific species it aims to control, and its ability to withstand the harsh winter conditions that prevail in the Rockies.
By employing electric fences, farmers can protect their livestock from predation and wild animals, preventing economic losses. The success of these fences in keeping bears at bay is a testament to their efficacy in mitigating human-wildlife conflicts in wilderness areas.